People have great difficulty in understanding how a man could be God at the same time. This is has been a bone of contention throughout the ages and many schisms have resulted from the various views, even when the differences seem so minor.
The Gospel of Luke records the genealogy of Jesus to Adam, who is called the son of God (Luke 3.23-38). However, we know Adam was not the son of God in the sense that he was born of God and possessed God's nature. Luke therefore has to be saying that Adam came into being because of God, as did the angels who were called sons of God (Genesis 6:2; Job 1:6; Job 2:1; Job 38:7). Although this need not be the case, because we learn that the Hebrews who were to go into the Promised Land were also called sons of God:
- “You are the sons of the Lord your God; you shall not cut yourselves or make any baldness on your foreheads for the dead. (Deuteronomy 14:1)
- When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of men, he fixed the bounds of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God. (Deuteronomy 32:8)
That the sons of Israel could also be the sons of God enables us to grasp how Jesus, being born of an Israelite woman, can be both a son of man and Son of God. However, unlike men who are born into sin and who are then given a spirit made by God, the pre-existence Son of God entered the child of Mary at birth, and God became man. In the Gospel of John, this is expressed thus:
- And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth; we have beheld his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father. (John 1:14)
- I have not learned wisdom, nor have I knowledge of the Holy One.Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is his son’s name? Surely you know! (Proverbs 30:3-4)
While Jesus was a man walking in the biological body of a human, He was rightfully a son of man, even though He was the Son of God. Jesus took the title Son of Man, which was to be bestowed on the Son of Righteousness. This is found in a prophecy within the book of Psalms:
- Give the king thy justice, O God, and thy righteousness to the royal son! (Psalm 72:1)
Jesus on the Cross was the Son of Man; the Son of Righteousness who could give His life as a ransom for the sin of Adam and pay the redemption price so every person could have access to eternal life if they do desired, rather than a life of futility and death.
When Jesus rose from the dead, He was declared the Son of God by virtue of His Spirit of Holiness. The Apostle Paul, speaking of his calling as an Apostle, writes about Jesus in the book of Romans, saying:
- ....concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh designated Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord. (Romans 1:3-4)
- Who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form he humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even death on a cross. Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name which is above every name (Philippians 2:6-9).
Today, Lord Jesus Christ is the Son of Man (because he looks like a man) and the Son of God, because He is God. When Lord Jesus Christ returns, He will be like a son of man upon the clouds, but will also take His place as the rightful ruler of planet Earth as Lord of Lords and King of Kings.
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