Primarily the arguments for Universal reconciliation center on the reality that no one asked to be born, therefore, it would be unrighteous for a righteous God to condemn humans to an eternity of suffering, regardless of what form it takes.
Three common views could be summed as:
- Since humans are separated from God by virtue of being born, and this is not something of their own creation, not having pre-existed beforehand, the responsibility falls upon the Creator to make the means of reconciliation available to every individual in the event they find themselves estranged from Him
- God is love. Humans were placed on this Earth to love their neighbor and love their Creator, but because evil has found its place among humanity, reconciliation is required, if love is to reign on planet Earth.
- God being love, He can only reconcile people to himself. and not condemn any person to unjust torment. For God to unjustly condemn people to everlasting torment would be to condemn Himself as an evil entity and unworthy of worship.
- Reconciliation means two parties are estranged from each other and this is the result of some disagreement. Since a baby does not disagree to be estranged from the Creator, there is no need for reconciliation because God is love and loves all His children—even Calvinists believe all children are innocent of sin.
The truth is that Jesus of Nazareth died to ransom what Adam had lost. Just because Jesus paid the price, so that every human being could be saved, this does not mean that all men are saved and are thereby reconciled to the Father through the death and resurrection of the righteous Son of God. Only those individuals who accept what is provided through the death and resurrection of Lord Jesus Christ can be reconciled to the Heavenly Father. The fact that the death of Jesus of Nazareth pays the ransom price to redeem what Adam had lost, this does not detract from the fact the righteousness of God requires that each individual be held accountable for his or her own actions.
- But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from law, although the law and the prophets bear witness to it, the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction; since all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, they are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus, whom God put forward as an expiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God’s righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins; it was to prove at the present time that he himself is righteous and that he justifies him who has faith in Jesus. (Romans 3:21-26)
The Bible teaches that God desires all men to be saved and come to the knowledge of the truth, but this does not mean all men will be saved. Those who reject their salvation have chosen to be estranged from God.
- First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all men, for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life, godly and respectful in every way. This is good, and it is acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all, the testimony to which was borne at the proper time. (1 Timothy 2:1-6)
- I am writing to you, little children, because your sins are forgiven for his sake. (1 John 2:12)
- Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me. (Revelation 3:20)
There is no argument from the Bible that every person that has ever lived will secure his or her salvation from eternal judgment. The Bible states that only those who by faith are righteous shall be saved. For unless a person repents from his or her dead works and exercises faith in the Son of God, Lord Jesus Christ, that person cannot be saved.
All other arguments for a universal salvation of every person who has ever lived rest upon the notion that a loving God would not judge unrighteousness. These arguments ignore the fact that love that is not righteous is not love.
Love does no wrong to any one. Therefore righteous love demands that justice be upheld. Justice requires every person to held accountable for his or her actions and the appropriate attribution and retribution be made.
However, God has shown His love towards Adam and Eve and their descendants by providing the expiation for each one’s own sins, by taking upon Himself, in the form of His Son, the judgment of sin, in order that every one might live through Him. Those who reject the reconciliation that has been made available through the atoning sacrifice provided by the death of the Son of God, reject life—which never ends, if truly possessed.
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